Lower back pain is a particularly unpleasant and painful condition, one that is caused by placing undue strain on the muscles that hold up the bones of the spinal column. Exercise can sometimes lead to lower back pain, particularly if you choose the wrong exercises or perform a workout incorrectly.
Fortunately, by understanding lower back pain at the muscular level, you can learn to avoid the kinds of workouts that will put you at risk.
The Muscle Groups: We rely on our extensor muscles, attached to the backs of our spines, to help us stand and lift things. The paired erector spinae muscles are particularly important, and therefore particularly vulnerable to being damaged by the wrong kinds of exercise.
The Problem: When things go well, all of these muscles work together at need. The problem, however, is that sometimes the extensor muscles are forced to do too much. Exercises such as the straight-leg deadlift and the bent-over row can be excellent workouts if done correctly, but doing them improperly can lead to back pain. Situps or crunches, on the other hand, are both ineffective and place one at risk of lower back pain.
Avoiding (and Treating) Lower Back Pain:
Although it is important to see a specialist if you have a serious problem, there are things you can do to minimize the risk of lower back pain. One of the most important is to strengthen your core muscles, particularly the abdominals. Stronger abdominals do not force the extensors to pick up the slack.
Overall, muscles that are in good condition will be less at risk of injury. In fact, continuing to be physically active is a particularly important strategy for managing lower back pain, one that can promote recovery.